Compost is an organic matter which is created by the decomposition of matter and organic waste and commonly used as a fertilizer at household, community or citywide level. It is rich in nutrients and very beneficial to the plants. It reduces the demand for artificial chemical fertilizers hence making compost the main component in organic farming. The process of making compost is known as composting. It is used in gardens, horticulture, organic farming, landscaping and agricultural purposes. The compost acts as a soil conditioner, a fertilizer, addition of vital humus and as a natural pesticide for soil. It also has various other uses such as erosion control, land and stream reclamation, wetland construction and also as a landfill cover.
In order to make compost, it requires a pile of organic matter such as grass, leaves and food scraps and waits for them to break down into humus after a certain period of time. Composting can be closely monitored by the supply of the measured inputs of water, air, carbon, and nitrogen-rich materials. There are various organisms which help in decomposition such as Earthworms and fungi which help in breaking up of material. Bacteria and fungi present in the compost help in managing the process by converting the inputs for making the compost into heat, carbon dioxide, and ammonium. Various countries have taken initiatives to segregate the waste into dry and wet waste. This segregation is done with the aim to make compost out of them which is beneficial in many ways.
With the advancements in the technology there has been an emergence of organic composting machines. Depending upon the use, the waste generation they are available in size ranging from large scale to small scale. The organic compost machine is equipped with the latest technology which speeds up the composting process from weeks to days. The composite machines helps in managing your waste in an efficient, economical and eco-friendly manner having complete organic waste management solution designed today aiming for a greener tomorrow.
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(The Water Treatment & Environmental Management Group)